The agreement calls on the signatories to „deliberate together on the measures necessary to fulfil the common responsibilities defined in this declaration.“ During the discussions on Yalta, Molotov added language that weakens the implication of the application of the declaration. [19] „The aforementioned governments suggest that the Conference considers that the proposals for the creation of a general international organization, published last October following the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, which were supplemented by the following provisions of Section C of Chapter VI, are the basis of such a charter: the first reaction to the Yalta Accords was solemn. Roosevelt and many other Americans saw this as proof that the spirit of US-Soviet war cooperation would be transmitted until the post-war period. But this feeling was only short-lived. With the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt on April 12, 1945, Harry S. Truman became the 33rd President of the United States. At the end of April, the new government clashed with the Soviets over its influence in Eastern Europe and the United Nations. Concerned about the lack of cooperation felt by the Soviets, many Americans began to criticize the way Roosevelt negotiated the Yalta negotiations. To this day, many of Roosevelt`s critics accuse him of „ceding“ Eastern Europe and Northeast Asia to the Soviet Union at Yalta, although the Soviets made many substantial concessions.

Allied leaders came to Yalta because they knew that an Allies` victory in Europe was almost inevitable, but they were less convinced that the Pacific War was coming to an end. Recognizing that a victory over Japan might require a long-term struggle, the United States and Britain saw a great strategic advantage for Soviet participation in peaceful theatre. At Yalta, Roosevelt and Churchill discussed with Stalin the conditions under which the Soviet Union would go to war with Japan, and all three agreed that the Soviets should have a sphere of influence in Manchuria in exchange for a potentially decisive Soviet participation in the Pacific theatre after Japan`s surrender. These include the southern part of Sachalin, a lease in Port Arthur (now Thehukou), part of the manchury and Kuril Islands. This agreement was the main concrete achievement of the Yalta conference. The final agreement stipulated that „the provisional government currently working in Poland should therefore be reorganized on a broader democratic basis, including Polish and Polish democratic leaders abroad.“ [18] Yalta`s language recognized the supremacy of the pro-Soviet Lublin government in a provisional government, albeit a reorganized one. [19] The three heads of state and government ratified the agreement of the European Advisory Commission, which defined the limits of post-war zones of occupation for Germany: three zones of occupation, one for each of the three main allies.