On July 4, delegates developed a compromise plan that sidelined Franklin`s proposal. On 16 July, the Convention adopted the Great Compromise with a heartbreaking one-voice lead. As the celebrants of 1987 duly said, there probably would not have been a Constitution without that vote. „The founders could never imagine… the large population differences of the states that exist today ,“ explains Edwards. If they happen to live in a state of population, you will have a broader say in the U.S. government. This agreement allowed discussions to continue and resulted in the three-fifths compromise, which further complicated the issue of popular representation in Parliament. Roger Sherman, a delegate from Connecticut, proposed legislation with two parties; States would have equal representation in the Senate and the population of states would determine representation in the House of Representatives. The result was a bicameral legislative branch that gave the same representation to each state in the Senate and the same representation to the population in the House of Representatives. Smaller states feared being ignored if representation was based on population, while larger states felt that their larger populations deserved more votes. Under the bicameral system, each party would be represented in a balance of power. Each state would be represented in the Senate with two delegates, while representation in the House of Representatives would be based on population.

Delegates eventually accepted this „great compromise,“ also known as the Connecticut Compromise. Perhaps the biggest debate held by delegates of the Constitutional Convention in 1787 was the number of representatives of each state in the legislative branch of the new administration, the U.S. Congress. As is often the case in government and politics, the solution of a great debate required a great compromise – in this case the Great Compromise of 1787. At the beginning of the Constitutional Convention, delegates appeared at a single-chamber congress made up of a specified number of representatives from each state. The Connecticut compromise (also known as the Grand Compromise of 1787 or the Sherman Compromise) was an agreement between large and small states during the 1787 Constitutional Convention, which defined in part the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the U.S. Constitution. It maintained the bicameral legislation proposed by Roger Sherman, as well as the proportional state vote in the House of Commons or the House of Representatives, but required that the House of Lords or the Senate be weighted in the same way between states. Each state would have two representatives in the House of Lords. Differences in views on representation threatened to derail ratification of the U.S. Constitution, with delegates on both sides pledging to reject the document if they did not get away with it.

The solution took the form of a compromise proposed by statesmen Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut.